Spring中使用log4j详细配置

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 ### 设置 ###
log4j.rootLogger = debug,stdout,D,E

### 输出信息到控制抬 ###
log4j.appender.stdout = org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target = System.out
log4j.appender.stdout.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern = [%-5p] %d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss,SSS} method:%l%n%m%n

### 输出DEBUG 级别以上的日志到=E://logs/error.log ###
log4j.appender.D = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.D.File = E://logs/log.log
log4j.appender.D.Append = true
log4j.appender.D.Threshold = DEBUG
log4j.appender.D.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.D.layout.ConversionPattern = %-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} [ %t:%r ] - [ %p ] %m%n

### 输出ERROR 级别以上的日志到=E://logs/error.log ###
log4j.appender.E = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.E.File =E://logs/error.log
log4j.appender.E.Append = true
log4j.appender.E.Threshold = ERROR
log4j.appender.E.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.E.layout.ConversionPattern = %-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} [ %t:%r ] - [ %p ] %m%n

更详细的log4j.properties配置

第三步:web.xml中加入配置详细:

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<!-- 设置根目录 -->  
<!--初始化log4j.properties-->
<context-param>
<param-name>log4jConfigLocation</param-name>
<param-value>/WEB-INF/classes/log4j.properties</param-value>
</context-param>
<!-- 3000表示 开一条watchdog线程每60秒扫描一下配置文件的变化;这样便于日志存放位置的改变 -->
<context-param>
<param-name>log4jRefreshInterval</param-name>
<param-value>3000</param-value>
</context-param>
<listener>
<listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.Log4jConfigListener</listener-class>
</listener>

applicationContext.xml就不需要配置了

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
xsi:schemaLocation="

http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans


http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.2.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop


http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.2.xsd


http://www.springframework.org/schema/context

http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.2.xsd">
</beans>

然后日志就可以随着spring的启动而启动了。

如果想把日志文件打印到Tomcat日志文件中:
log4j.appender.R.File=${catalina.home}/logs/youLogFile.log

这个方法只能Tomcat使用,其它容器就不行了。

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